Evaluation of supracondylar femur fractures in cats: a retrospective study

Document Type : Research Article

Authors

Department of Surgery, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Dicle, Diyarbakir-Turkey, 21280.

Abstract

Femoral fractures in cats are common and are usually treated using pins and wires, lag screws, intramedullary pins, as well as interlocking pins and plates. Among femur fractures, supracondylar femur fractures have an important place, and both proximal and distal femur fractures are more difficult than diaphyseal fractures. This study, which was conducted on 55 cats with the distal femur and supracondylar fractures, aimed to retrospectively evaluate the results of three different methods used traditionally. These methods were Rush pinning, cross pinning, and locked anatomic plates. Despite the disadvantages of each of the techniques, no problem was found in the application of either of them. No complications, including pin migration or plate and screw related complications, were encountered in the postoperative period. Functional improvement was achieved in all cats. As a result, it can be said that the method to be used in supracondylar fractures in cats varies according to the surgeon's preference and the orthopedic materials in his or her inventory. However, the anatomical locking plates may be preferred due to their advantages, such as not using bandages and starting to use the limb in the early postoperative period.

Keywords

Main Subjects


1.    Altunatmaz K, Karabağlı M, Aydın Kaya D, Güzel O, Eravcı Yalın E, Uğurlu U, Şadalak DJ, Ekici H. The Treatment of Supracondylar and Diaphyseal Femoral Fractures in Cats Using Intramedullary Two-Way Stacked Kirschner Wire Application. Turk J Vet Anim Sci. 2017; 41: 282-7.
2.    Whitehair JG, Vasseur PB. Fractures of The Femur. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 1992; 2: 149-159.
3.    Scotti S, Klein A, Pink J, Hidalgo A, Moissonnier P, Fayolle P. Retrograde Placement of A Novel 3,5 mm Titanium İnterlocking Nail For Supracondylar and Diaphyseal Femoral Fractures in Cats. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol. 2007; 20: 211-8.
4.    Beale B. Orthopedic Clinical Techniques Femur Fracture Repair. Clin Tech Small Anim Pract. 2004; 19: 134-150. 
5.    Cebeci MT, Karsli B. Treatment of Cats Distal Diaphyseal and Supracondylar Femur Fractures With Intramedullary Cross Pinning Technique. Harran Üniv Vet Fak Derg. 2021; 10 (2), 184-190, 
6.    Chandler JC, Beale BS. Feline Orthopedics. Clin Tech Small Anim Pract. 2002; 17 (4): 190-203. 
7.    Fossum  TW,  2013:  Small  Animal  Surgery.  4th  ed.  Elsevier. Philadelphia, USA. pp: 1181‐1185.
8.    Gill KK, Kumar A, Sangwan V, Anand A, Mahajan SK, Mohindroo J: Comparative Functional Out Come of Supracondylar Femoral Fracture Stabilized With Cross and End Threaded İntramedullary Pinning in Dogs. Indian J Anim Sci. 2018; 88 (2): 161-9. 
9.    Jagan MRK. Clinical Study on The Use of Supracondylar Femur Plate (J plate/ hockey stick plate) For Repair of Supracondylar Femur Fractures in Cats. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2020; 9(12): 19-25.
10.     Lidbetter DA, Glyde MR. Supracondylar Femoral Fractures in Adult Animals. Compend Contin Educ Pract Vet. 2000; 22:1041-55.
11.     Lovric L, Kreszinger M, Pecin M. Surgical Treatment of Canine Femoral Fractures – A Review. World Vet J. 2020; 10 (2): 137-45.
12.    Robinson A.   Use of A Rush Pin  to  Repair  Fractures  of The Distal  Femur in Cats. Vet Record. 2000; 146: 429‐32. 
13.    Denny HR, Butterworth SJ. A Guide to Canine and Feline Orthopaedic Surgery. 4th ed. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science, 2000.
14.    Smalle TM, Coetzee GL, Naude SH. Corrective Wedge Ostectomy for An Atypical Femoral Procurvatum Deformity Stabilised With A Supracondylar Bone Plate. Journal of the South African Veterinary Association. 2018; 1019-9128. 
15.     Spangberg C, Spangberg IB, Bergstrom A. Stainless Steel Wire in A Figure-of-Eight for Repair of Distal Femoral Physeal Fractures in Ten Cats: A Case Report. J Vet Sci. 2019; 20 (6): 1-6.
16.    Sharma M, Sarma DK, Boro PK. Fixation of Distal End Femoral Fracture in Dogs With Arrow Pinning: A Case Report. Int J Curr Microbiol App Sci. 2018; 7: 2161-4.
17.    Syam KV, Venkateswaralu B, Sarada AT, Raji TA, Ranjith M. External Skeletal Fixation in Combination With İntra-Medullary Pinning MedDocs Publishers Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences 5 and Cerclage Wiring for The Measurement of Comminuted Fractures of Humorous in Dog. Ind J Canine Prac. 2012; 4: 54-5.
18.    Libardoni RN, Costa D, Menezes FB, Cavalli LG, Pedrotti LF, Kohlrausch PR, Minto BW, Silva MAM. Classification, fixation techniques, complications and outcomes of femur fractures in dogs and cats: 61 cases (2015-2016). Ciencia Rural. 2018; 48 (6): 1-6.
CAPTCHA Image
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Serial Number 29
This issue XML file is being prepared.
November 2022
Pages 37-41
  • Receive Date: 18 July 2022
  • Revise Date: 12 September 2022
  • Accept Date: 03 October 2022
  • First Publish Date: 01 November 2022