Morphological aspects of the brain in the Indian grey mongoose (Herpestes Edwardsii)

Document Type : Short communication

Authors

Department of Basic Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.

Abstract

Mongoose is a common name for 29 to 34 species in 14  genera  of  the family Herpestidae which are found in vast areas of southwestern Asia, especially southern Iran. Anatomical and morphological studies of the brain have always  been of interest to the researchers in the  field of anatomy, due to its high importance in various fields of veterinary and  zoology. Because of the  lack of information about the brain structure in wild carnivores, the present study was  conducted  to better  understand the morphological features in Indian  grey  mongoose. For this purpose, 4 carcasses of  adult mongooses were  used. They were found in different areas of Fars province. The mongooses had died due to  natural causes. The brain was carefully separated from the skull and the measurements  and observations were  made  on  different parts of it. In this study, it wa  found  that the  brain's structure has an ovoid appearance. Also, distinguished olfactory bulbs, deep transverse  and longitudinal fissures, and relatively large cerebellar vermis were observed. According  to  the current study, it can be concluded that  the  anatomical features of the brain in the mongoose are similar to those of other carnivores and are in perfect harmony with the sensory and motor capabilities of the  animal.   

Keywords


1. Barun A, Hanson CC, Campbell  KJ, et al. A review of small  Indian  mongoose management and  eradications on islands.Island  invasives  eradication and management. IUCN,  Gland, Switzerland 2011;7: 17-25.
2. Blanton  JD, Anastasia MA, Murphy SM. Vaccination  of  Small  Asian  Mongoose (Herpestes javanicus) Against Rabies,  J.  Wildl. Dis. 2006;  42(3):  663–666.
3. Abraham  MS, Muhammad YF, Ademola OA, et al. Comparative  Anatomical  Studies  of  the  Cerebrum,  Cerebellum,  and  Brainstem  of  Males  Guinea  pig  (Cavia  porcellus)  and  Rabbit  (Oryctolagus  cuniculus).  J.  Vet.  Anat  2016;  9(2):1  –14.
4. Irimescu I, Bolfa P, Crisan  M, et al. Macroscopical and  histological aspects of the cerebellum in chinchillas, Agric. Agric.  Sci. Procedia. 2015; 6: 350-357.
5. Treuting, PM, Dintzis SM, Comparative Anatomy and Histology, A Mouse and Human Atlas, 1st edition, Academic  Press,  Elsevier, New York  2012; 340-370.
6. Jennings  DP,‘Supraspinal  control  of  posture  and  movement’,  in  W.O.  Reece,  Dukes’  Physiology  of  Domestic  Animals,  1st  ed.  Cornell  University  Press  2004;  904–920.
7.  Dyce  KM,   Sack  WO,  Wensing  CJG.   Textbook  of  Veterinary  Anatomy.5th  ed.  Philadelphia,  US ,  Saunders.  2017:  479   –   490.   
8. Konig  HE, Leibich  HG. Veterinary Anatomy of Domestic Mammals text book and color atlas, 3rd ed. Schluterschc .  2020 : 189  -  195.  
9.  Shoshani  J,  kupsky  WJ,  Merchant  GH,  Elephant  Brain.  Part  1:  Gross  Morphology  functions,  comparative  anatomy  and  evolution.  Brain  Res.  Bulletin  2006;  70:  124-157.  
10.  Eric  HC.  Brain  facts  and  figures.  In:  Neurosciences  for  Kids.1st  ed.  University  of  Washington,  Washington,  America.2006:  PP:  1-8.
11. Ibe  CS,  Onyeanusi  BI,  Hambolu  JO.  Functional  morphology  of  the  brain  of  the  African  giant  pouched  rat  (Cricetomys  gambianus  Waterhouse,  1840),  OJVR  2014;  81(1):  644  -647.  
12.  Pakozdy  A,  Angerer  C,  Klang  A,  et  al.  Gyration  of  the  feline  brain:  localization,  terminology  and  variability.  Anat  Histol  Embryol  2014.;  44(6):422-7.   
13. Danmaigoro  A,  Hena  SA,  Ibrahim  AA,  et  al.  Comparative  Morphometry  and  Histological  Studies  of  the  Cerebellum  of  Catfish  (Clarias  gariepinus)  and  Tilapia  (Oreochromis  niloticus).  J  ALSI.  2016;7(4):  1-6.