Ramification of Celiac artery in the pine marten (Martes martes)

Document Type : Original Articles


Semnan University


The pine marten (Martes martes) is a medium sized carnivore rarely found in Iran. The aim of this study was to describe species-specific characteristics of the celiac artery in pine marten. In pine marten examined in this study, it was observed that the celiac artery originated from the ventral aspect of abdominal aorta. The celiac artery was divided into two branches. A thick branch was the common trunk of the splenic and the left gastric arteries, namely the gastrosplenic trunk and the other branch which was thin and longer, namely the hepatic artery. The splenic artery was divided into three branches that supplied the spleen. In the examined pine marten, there were two left gastroepiploic arteries, one originated from the splenic, and the other from the left gastric artery. The hepatic artery was extended to the portal fissure of liver and had five following branches: pancreatic branch, gastroduodenal, right gastric, left hepatic, and right hepatic arteries. The right gastroepiploic artery was originated from the gastroduodenal artery. This is the first report on
ramification of the celiac artery in the pine marten


Article Title [فارسی]

شاخه های سرخرگ سیلیاک (شکمی) در سمور جنگلی (Martesmartes)

Abstract [فارسی]

سمور جنگلی، یکی از گوشتخواران نادر ایران با جثه‌ای متوسط است. هدف از انجام این مطالعه، توصیف و بیان ویژگی‌های خاص گونه‌ای سرخرگ سیلیاک (شکمی) در سمور جنگلی بوده است. در سمور جنگلی بررسی شده، سرخرگ سیلیاک از موقعیت شکمی سرخرگ آئورت منشا گرفته بود. سرخرگ سیلیاک به دو شاخه تقسیم می‌شد: یک شاخه ضخیم بنام تنه سرخرگی معده-ای- طحالی که تنه مشترک سرخرگ‌های طحالی و معده ای چپ بود، و شاخه نازک و طویل‌تر که سرخرگ کبدی نام دارد. سرخرگ طحالی به سه شاخه تقسیم شده بود که هر سه وارد طحال می شدند. در سمور جنگلی بررسی شده، دو سرخرگ معده ای- چادرینه‌ای چپ وجود داشت که یکی از سرخرگ طحالی و دیگری از سرخرگ معده‌ای چپ منشعب شده بودند. سرخرگ کبدی به طرف شیار باب در سطح احشایی کبد کشیده شده و پنج انشعاب جدا شده از آن شامل: شاخه لوزالمعده ای و سرخرگ-های معده‌ای- دوازدهه‌ای، معده‌ای راست، کبدی چپ و کبدی راست بود. سرخرگ معده‌ای- چادرینه‌ای راست از سرخرگ معده-ای- دوازدهه‌ای جدا شده بود. این مطالعه اولین گزارش در مورد شاخه‌های سرخرگ سیلیاک سمور جنگلی می باشد.

Keywords [فارسی]

  • کالبدشناسی
  • سرخرگ سیلیاک
  • سمور جنگلی
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