Archbald, L.F., Tran, T., Thomas, P.G.A., Lyle, S.K. (1990) Apparent failure of prostaglandin F2 alpha to improve the reproductive efficiency of postpartum dairy cows that had experienced dystocia and/or retained fetal membranes. Theriogenology 34, 1025–1034.
Archbald, L.F., Constant, S., Tran, T., Risco, C., Klapstein, E., Elliot, J. (1994) Effect of sequential treatment with prostaglandin F2 alpha and/or oxytocin on estrus and pregnancy rate of lactating dairy cows. Theriogenology 42, 773–780.
Beam, S.W., Butler, W.R. (1999) Effects of energy balance on follicular development and first ovulation in post-partum dairy cows. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 54, 411–424.
Beckett, S.D., Lean, I.J. (1997) GnRH in postpartum dairy cattle: a meta analysis of effects on reproductive efficiency. Animal Reproduction Science 48, 93-112.
Benmrad, M., Stevenson, S. (1986) Gonadotropin-releasing hormone and prostaglandin F2 for postpartum dairy cows: estrous, ovulation, and fertility traits. Journal of Dairy Science 69, 800-811.
Burton, N.R., Lean, I.J. (1995) Investigation by meta-analysis of the effect of prostaglandin F2 alpha administered postpartum on the reproductive performance of dairy cattle. Veterinary Record 136, 90–94.
Butler, W.R., Smith, R.D. (1989) Interrelationship between energy balance and postpartum reproductive function in dairy cattle. Journal of Dairy Science 72, 767–783.
Darwash, A.O., Lamming, G.E., Royal, M.D. (2001) A protocol for initiating oestrus and ovulation early postpartum in dairy cows. Animal Science 72, 539–546.
De Rensis, F., Lopez-Gatius, F. (2014) Use of equine chorionic gonadotropin to control reproduction of the dairy cow: a review. Reproduction in Domestic Animal 49, 177-182.
Dhaliwal, G.S., Murray, R.D., Woldehiwet, Z. (2001) Some aspects of immunology of the bovine uterus related to treatments for endometritis. Animal Reproduction Science 67, 135-152.
Dubuc, J., Duffield, T.F., Leslie, K.E., Walton, J.S., Leblanc, S.J. (2011) Randomized clinical trial of antibiotic and prostaglandin treatments for uterine health and reproductive performance in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 94,1325–1338.
Etherington, W.G., Bosu, W.T.K., Martin, S.W., Cote, J.F., Doig, P.A., Leslie, K.E. (1984) Reproductive performance in dairy cows following postpartum treatment with gonadotrophin releasing hormone and/ or prostaglandin: a field trial. The Canadian Journal of Comparative Medicine 48, 245-250.
Ferguson, J.D., Galligan, D.T., Thomsen, N. (1994) Principal descriptors of body condition score in Holstein cows. Journal of Dairy Science 77, 2695–2703.
Galvão, K.N., Frajblat, M., Brittin, S.B., Butler, W.R., Guard, C.L., Gilbert, R.O. (2009) Effect of prostaglandin F2α on subclinical endometritis and fertility in dairy cow. Journal of Dairy Science 92, 4906–4913.
Galvão, K.N., Fraiblat, M., Butler, W.R., Brittin, S.B., Guard, C.L., Gilbert, R.O. (2010) Effect of early postpartum ovulation on fertility in dairy cows. Reproduction in Domestic Animal 45, 207–211.
Gautam, G., Nakao, T., Yamada, K., Yoshida, C. (2010) Defining delayed resumption of ovarian activity postpartum and its impact on subsequent reproductive performance in Holstein cows. Theriogenology 73, 180–189.
Gay, J.M., Upham, G.L. (1994) Effect of exogenous prostaglandin F2α in clinically normal postparturient dairy cows with a palpable corpus luteum. Journal of American Veterinary Medical Association 205, 870–873.
Gonzalez-Menico, F., Manns, J., Murphy, B.D. (1978) FSH and LH activity of PMSG from mares at different stages of gestation. Animal Reproduction Science 1, 137–144.
Glanvill, S.F., Dobson, H. (1991) Effect of prostaglandin treatment on the fertility of problem cows. Veterinary Record 128, 374–376.
Haimerl, P., Arlt, S., Heuwieser, W. (2012) Evidence based medicine: quality and comparability of clinical trials investigating the efficacy of prostaglandin F2α for the treatment of bovine endometritis. Journal of Dairy Research 79, 287–296.
Hendricks, K.E., Bartolome, J.A., Melendez, P., Risco, C., Archbald, L.F. (2006) Effect of repeated administration of PGF2alpha in the early post partum period on the prevalence of clinical endometritis and probability of pregnancy at first insemination in lactating dairy cows. Theriogenology 65, 1454–1464.
Hirsbrunner, G., Knutti, B., Küpfer, U., Burkhardt, H., Steiner, A. (2003) Effect of prostaglandin E2, DL-cloprostenol, and prostaglandin E2 in combination with D-cloprostenol on uterine motility during diestrus in experimental cows. Animal Reproduction Science 79, 17–32.
Hussain, A.M. (1989) Bovine uterine defence mechanisms: a review. Journal of Veterinary Medicine 36, 641–651.
Janowski, T., Zduńczyk, S.,Mwaanga, E.S. (2001) Combined GnRH and PGF2a application in cows with endometritis puerperalis treated with antibiotics. Reproduction in Domestic Animal 36, 244-246.
Kasimanickam, R., Duffield, T.F., Foster, R.A., Gartley, C.J., Leslie, K.E., Walton, J.S., Johnson, W.H. (2005) The effect of a single administration of cephapirin or cloprostenol on the reproductive performance of dairy cows with subclinical endometritis. Theriogenology 63, 818–830.
Kawashima, C., Kaneko, E., Montoya, C.A., Matsui, M., Yamagishi, N., Matsunaga, N., Ishii, M., Kida, K., Miyake, Y., Miyamoto, A. (2006) Relationship between the first ovulation within three weeks postpartum and subsequent ovarian cycles and fertility in high producing dairy cows. Journal of Reproduction and Development 52, 479–486.
Lamming. G.E., Darwash, A.O. (1998) The use of milk progesterone profiles to characterize components of subfertility in milked dairy cows. Animal Reproduction Science 52, 175–90.
LeBlanc, S.J. (2008) Postpartum uterine disease and dairy herd reproductive performance: A review. The Veterinary Journal 176, 102–114.
LeBlanc, S.J., Duffield, T.F., Leslie, K.E., Bateman, K.G., Keefe, G.P., Walton, J.S., Johnson, W.H. (2002) The effect of treatment of clinical endometritis on reproductive performance in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 85, 2237–2249.
Lucy, M.C. (2001) Reproductive loss in high-producing dairy cattle: where will it end? Journal of Dairy Science 84, 1277–1293.
McClary, D.G., Putnam, M.R., Wright, J.C., Sartin J.L. (1989) Effect of early postpartum treatment with prostaglandin F2alpha on subsequent fertility in the dairy cow. Theriogenology 31, 565–570.
Melendez, P., McHale, J., Bartolome, J., Archbald, L.F., Donovan, G.A. (2004) Uterine involution and fertility of Holstein cows subsequent to early postpartum PGF2 alpha treatment for acute puerperal metritis. Journal of Dairy Science 87, 3238–3246.
Moore, K., Thatcher, W.W. (2006) Major advances associated with reproduction in dairy cattle. Journal of Dairy Science 89, 1254–1266.
Nakao, T., Gamal, A., Osawa, T., Nakada, K., Moriyoshi, M., Kawata, K. (1997) Postpartum plasma PGF metabolite profile in cows with dystocia and/or retained placenta, and effect of fenprostalene on uterine involution and reproductive performance. Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 59, 791–794.
Newcomb, R., Christie, W.B., Rowson, L.E.A., Walters, D.E., Bousfield, W.E.D. (1979) Influence of dose, repeated treatment and batch of hormone on ovarian response in heifers treated with PMSG. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 56, 113–118.
N.R.C., 2001: Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle, seventh ed. National Academy Press, Washington D.C., USA.
Pepper, R.T., Dobson, H. (1987) Preliminary results of treatment and endocrinology of chronic endometritis in the dairy cow. Veterinary Record 120, 53-56.
Petersson, K.J., Gustafsson, H., Strandberg, E., Berglund, B. (2006) Atypical progesterone profiles and fertility in Swedish dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 89, 2529–2538.
Rostami, B., Niasari-Naslaji, A., Vojgani, M., Nikjou, D., Amanlou, H., Gerami, A. (2011) Effect of eCG on early resumption of ovarian activity in postpartum dairy cows. Animal Reproduction Science 128, 100–106.
Rowson, L.E.A., Lamming, G.E., Fry, R.M. (1953) The relationship between ovarian hormones and uterine infection. Veterinary Record 65, 335–341.
Salasel, B., Mokhtari, A. (2011) Effect of early postpartum PGF2α treatment on reproductive performance in dairy cows with calving and puerperal traits. Theriogenology 76, 1723–1729.
Sheldon, I.M., Dubson, H. (2000) Effect of administration of eCG to postpartum cows on folliculogenesis in the ovary ipsilateral to the previously gravid uterine horn and uterine involution. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 119, 157–163.
Sheldon, I.M., Lewis, G.S., LeBlanc, S.J., Gilbert, R.O. (2006) Defining postpartum uterine disease in cattle. Theriogenology 65, 1516–1530.
Shrestha, H.K., Nakao, T., Suzuki, T., Higaki, T., Akita, M. (2004) Effects of abnormal ovarian cycles during pre-service period postpartum on subsequent reproductive performance of high-producing Holstein cows. Theriogenology 61, 1559–1571.
Silvia, W.J., Hatler, T.B., Nugent, A.M., Da Fonseca, L.F.L. (2002) Ovarian follicular cysts in dairy cows: an abnormality in folliculogenesis. Domestic Animal Endocrinology 23, 167–177.
Stevenson, J.S., Pursley, J.R. (1994) Resumption of follicular activity and interval to postpartum ovulation after exogenous progestins. Journal of Dairy Science 77, 725-734.
Thatcher, W.W., Wilcox, C.J. (1973) Postpartum estrus as an indicator of reproductive status in dairy cow. Journal of Dairy Science 56, 608–610.
Tucker, A.L., Sanchez, H.L., Tucker, W.B., Williams, A., Fuquay, J.W., Willard, S.T., Ryan, P.L. (2011) Effects of early postpartum GnRH and prostaglandin F2α administration on reproductive activity and ovulation synchronization in lactating dairy cows. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 10, 900-908.
Vojgani, M., Akbarinejad, V., Niasari-Naslaji, A. (2013) Administration of eCG on Day 6 postpartum could enhance reproductive performance of Holstein dairy cows. Animal Reproduction Science 138, 159– 162.
Young, I.M., Anderson, D.B., Plenderleith, R.W. (1984) Increased conception rate in dairy cows cows treated with dinoprost tromethamine soon after calving. Theriogenology 26, 199–208.