A survey of antibiotic residues in commercial eggs in Kermanshah, Iran

Document Type : Original Articles


1 Razi University

2 Mashhad University of Medical Science

3 Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences

4 Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran


Poultry nutrition or inappropriate treatments by antibiotics can lead to production of eggs with antibiotic residues. The aim of the present study is to assess the prevalence of drug residues in eggs presented in Kermanshah, Iran. For this purpose, 120 eggs with the average weight of 60 grams were collected randomly from the supermarkets in Kermanshah and later were tested for antibiotic residues using the Four- Plate Test (FPT) method. The results showed that 3.3% of the tested eggs had antibiotic residues. The main residues in egg yolk was due to tetracycline. Aminoglycosides were also detected as minor contaminants. Accordingly, antibiotic residues in eggs presented in Kermanshah are a threat for human consumption and therefore strong supervision of the authorities is essential.


Article Title [فارسی]

ﺑﺮرﺳﯽ ﺑﺎﻗﯿﻤﺎﻧﺪه ﻫﺎی آﻧﺘﯽ ﺑﯿﻮﺗﯿﮑﯽ در ﺗﺨﻢ ﻣﺮغ ﻫﺎی ﺗﺠﺎری ﺷﻬﺮ ﮐﺮﻣﺎﻧﺸﺎه، اﯾﺮان

Abstract [فارسی]

ﺗﻐﺬﯾﻪ ﯾﺎ درﻣﺎن ﻧﺎﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻃﯿﻮر ﺗﻮﺳﻂ آﻧﺘﯽ ﺑﯿﻮﺗﯿﮏ ﻫﺎ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺗﻮﻟﯿﺪ ﺗﺨﻢ ﻣﺮغ ﻫﺎﯾﯽ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﻗﯽ ﻣﺎﻧﺪه ﻫﺎی آﻧﺘﯽ ﺑﯿﻮﺗﯿﮑﯽ ﻣﯽ ﮔـﺮد د .ﻫـﺪف از ﺑﺮرﺳـﯽ ﺗﺨﻢ ﻣﺮغ ﺑﺎ ﻣﯿـﺎﻧﮕﯿﻦ وزﻧـﯽ 120 ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ارزﯾﺎﺑﯽ ﺑﺎﻗﯿﻤﺎﻧﺪه ﻫﺎی داروﯾﯽ در ﺗﺨﻢ ﻣﺮغ ﻫﺎی ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺷﺪه در ﺷﻬﺮ ﮐﺮﻣﺎﻧﺸﺎه، اﯾﺮان ﻣﯽ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ .ﺑﻪ اﯾﻦ ﻣﻨﻈﻮر ﮔﺮم ﺑﺼﻮرت ﺗﺼﺎدﻓﯽ از ﻓﺮوﺷﮕﺎه ﻫﺎی ﮐﺮﻣﺎﻧﺸﺎه ﺟﻤﻊ آوری ﺷﺪ و در ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺑﻌﺪی ﺑﺎ روش آزﻣﻮن ﭼﻬﺎر ﭘﻠﯿﺘﯽ، ﺑﺎﻗﯿﻤﺎﻧﺪه آﻧﺘﯽ ﺑﯿﻮﺗﯿﮑﯽ اﻧﺪازه ﮔﯿﺮی 60 . %ﺗﺨﻢ ﻣﺮغ ﻫﺎی ﺑﺮرﺳﯽ ﺷﺪه دارای ﺑﺎﻗﯿﻤﺎﻧﺪه آﻧﺘﯽ ﺑﯿـﻮﺗﯿﮑﯽ ﺑﻮدﻧـ ﺪ .اﺻـﻠﯽ ﺗـﺮﯾﻦ ﺑﺎﻗﯿﻤﺎﻧـﺪه در زرده، ﺗﺘﺮاﺳـﺎﯾﮑﻠﯿﻦ ﺑـﻮ د 3,3 ﺷﺪ .ﻧﺘﺎﯾﺞ ﻧﺸﺎن داد ﮐﻪ آﻣﯿﻨﻮﮔﻠﯿﮑﻮزﯾﺪ ﻫﺎ ﻧﯿﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮان آﻟﻮده ﮐﻨﻨﺪه ﻫﺎی ﺟﺰﺋﯽ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﯾﯽ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ .ﺑﺮ اﯾﻦ اﺳﺎس ﺑﺎﻗﯿﻤﺎﻧﺪه آﻧﺘـﯽ ﺑﯿـﻮﺗﯿﮑﯽ در ﮐﺮﻣﺎﻧﺸـﺎه ﺗﻬﺪﯾـﺪی ﺑـﺮای ﻣﺼـﺮف اﻧﺴﺎﻧﯽ ﺑﻮده و ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮاﯾﻦ ﻧﻈﺎرت ﻗﻮی ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﯿﻦ ﺿﺮوری ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﯽ رﺳﺪ.

Keywords [فارسی]

  • :ﺑﺎﻗﯿﻤﺎﻧﺪه ﻫﺎی آﻧﺘﯽ ﺑﯿﻮﺗﯿﮑﯽ
  • ﺗﺨﻢ ﻣﺮغ
  • روش آزﻣﻮن ﭼﻬﺎر ﭘﻠﯿﺘﯽ
  • ﮐﺮﻣﺎﻧﺸﺎه
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