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Hamidreza Ahmadniaye Motlagh Omid Safari Marina Paolucci

Abstract

An 8-week feeding experiment was conducted to investigate the inclusion potential of five levels of Calotropis persica seed powder (CSP) (0, 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 g/kg of the basal diet) in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) diet, in a completely randomized design. To perform the test, 3600 fries (11.5 ± 3.64 g) were treated for 56 days. According to the results, the increase in milkweed seed powder up to 40 g/kg, resulted in a significant increase in specific growth rate and intestinal lactic acid bacteria count compared to the control (p < 0.05). The best results of survival rate, feed conversion ratio, hepatosomatic and gastrosomatic indices were achieved in the treatments receiving 20, 30, 40, and 50 g/kg CSP (p < 0.05). Antibacterial activity of skin mucus, lysozyme and alkaline phosphatase showed the highest level in the 40 g/kg treatment (p < 0.05). Based on the results, the inclusion of 40 g/kg milkweed seed powder caused positive health effects and could be a suitable herbal feed additive in the rainbow trout diet.

Article Details

Keywords

Calotropis persica, growth, immunity, gut microbiota, Oncorhynchus mykiss

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How to Cite
Hamidreza, A. M., Omid, S., & Marina, P. (2019). Effect of different levels of milkweed (Calotropis persica)seed powder on the growth parameters, immunity and gut microbiota of Oncorhynchus mykiss. Iranian Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology, 11(1), 43-50. https://doi.org/10.22067/veterinary.v1i11.76088
Section
Original Articles